The Livable Communities Task Force has published a report titled Freedom From Oil: Policy Solutions from the Livable Communities Task Force. From the Introduction:
Providing a full range of transportation choices — such as transit, walking and bicycling — can help Americans withstand price shocks in the oil market. A full range of transportation choices not only reduces demand for gasoline, but improves community and environmental health by reducing pollution that degrades air and water quality, with associated savings in healthcare costs. Biking and walking also encourage physical exercise and a healthy lifestyle, lowering our healthcare costs and improving quality of life. Communities designed for walking and bicycling also leave room for parks and natural areas and tend to have lower roadway maintenance costs per capita.