The American Public Health Association has published a new report titled The Hidden Health Costs of Transportation. Findings include an estimate that the health impacts from our dependence on the automobile may cost as much as several hundred billion dollars per year. Traffic crashes account for an estimated $180 billion, obesity accounts for an estimated $142 billion, and air pollution from traffic accounts for an estimated $50-80 billion. From the report:
Our dependence on automobiles and roadways has profound negative impacts on human health: decreased opportunities for physical activity, and increased exposure to air pollution, and the number of traffic crashes. The health costs associated with these impacts, including costs associated with loss of work days and wages, pain and suffering, and premature death, may be as high as several hundred billion dollars.